Encyclopedia of Supplements, Vitamins, and Minerals

Encyclopedia of Supplements, Vitamins, and Minerals

Summary: I found a link of fitness, diet, bodybuilding, and other vitamins and supplements on the examiner page. I decided to utilize their list (most of the links below to their page), and include some of my articles. This list should give you enough information on a variety of supplements.

#

  • 1,3-Dimethylamylamine(aka 4-methylhexan-2-amine,DMAA,Dimethylamylamine,1,3-DMAA,Geranamine,Methylhexaneamine,1,3-Dimethylpentylamine,Forthane)
  • 2,4-Dinitrophenol(aka Dinitrophenol, DNP, 2,4-DNP, Dinitro, Dinosan, Dnoc, Nitrophen, Chemox, Aldifen, Mitcal)
  • 5-HTP(aka 5-hydroxytryptophan, serotonin precursor)
  • 7,8-Dihydroxyflavone(aka 7,8-DHF)
  • 7-Keto DHEA(aka 7-ketodehydroepiandrosterone, 7-oxodehydroepiandrosterone, 7-ketoDHEA, 7-oxoDHEA, 7-oxo, 7-keto)

A

  • Acorus calamus(aka Sweet Flag, Golomi, Ugragandha, Vacha, Vekhanda, Bach, Calamus Oil)
  • Adrafinil(aka Olmifon, CRL-40028)
  • Aframomum melegueta(aka Grains of Paradise, melegueta pepper, alligator pepper, Guinea pepper, Guinea grain)
  • Agmatine(aka Clonidine-displacing substance,4-(aminobutyl)guanidine,Decarboxylated arginine)
  • Alanine
  • Alanylglutamine(aka L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine, Alanyl-Glutamine, Sustamine (brand name))
  • Alcohol(aka Ethanol, Drinking alcohol, Beer, Gin, Vodka, Wine, Jager)
  • Aloe vera(aka _Aloe Barbadensis_)
  • Alpha-GPC(aka Alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine, L-alpha-glycerophosphocholin, glycerophosphocholine, L-alpha-glyceryl-phosphorylcholine, Choline Alphoscerate)
  • Alpha-Lipoic Acid(aka ALA, thioctic acid, 1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid, ala, Tiolepta)
  • Anacyclus pyrethrum(aka Akarkara, Vajikaran Rasayana, Pellitory Root, Spanish Chamomile, pyrethrin)
  • Anatabine(aka Anatabloc (Brand Name))
  • Andrographis paniculata(aka Chiretta, King of Bitters, Kalmegh, Creat, Chuanxinlian, Yijianxi, Lanhelian, Indian Echinacea)
  • Anethum graveolens(aka Dill, Lao coriander, Pakchee Lao)
  • Angelica gigas(aka Dang Gui, Korean Dang Gui, Cham-Dang-Gui)
  • Aniracetam(aka 1-p-anisoyl-2-pyrrilidinone, Ro 13-5057, CAS 72432-10-1, 1(4-methoxybenzoyl)-2-pyrrolidinone)
  • Apigenin(aka 4′,5,7,-trihydroxyflavone, biapigenin (a dimer found in nature))
  • Apocynum venetum(aka Luobuma, Dogbane, Chinse Dogbane, Herbal for Relief of Famines, Rafuma)
  • Arachidonic acid
  • Arginine(aka L-Arginine)
  • Aronia melanocarpa(aka Chokeberry, Black Apple Berry, RowanBerry (hybrids with Aronia), Aronox (Brand Name))
  • Artemisia iwayomogi(aka Haninjin,Mugwort (refers to the family of Artemisia))
  • Artichoke Extract(aka Artichoke)
  • Ascophyllum nodosum(aka Kelp (one of many species), Egg Wrack, Rockweed)
  • Ashwagandha(aka _Withania Somnifera_, Indian Ginseng, Smell of Horse, Winter Cherry, Dunal, _Solanaceae_)
  • Asparagus racemosus(aka Asparagus, Asparagus Extract, Shatavari)
  • Astaxanthin(aka Cardax (Disodium Disuccinate Astaxanthin), 3,3′-dihydroxy-b,b-carotene-4,4′-dione)
  • Asteracantha longifolia(aka Hygrophila longifolia, Barleria auriculata, Barleria spinosa, Ikshura, Ikshugandha, Hygrophila spinosa, Hygrophila auriculata, Kokilaaksha, Talimakhana, gokulakanta, marsh barbel)
  • Astragalus membranaceus(aka Astragalus, _huangqi_, (A component of) Danggui buxue tang (DBT), membranous milk-vetch root, ogi, Huang Qi, TA-65, TAT2)

B

  • Bacopa monnieri(aka Brahmi, Aindri, _Lysimachia monnieri L. Cent._, _Graticola monnieri L._, _Herpestis monniera L. Kunth._, Water hyssop, Thyme-leafed gratiola, Indian Pennywort, Jalabrahmi)
  • Banaba Leaf(aka Crape Myrtle, Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia, Banaba)
  • Basella alba(aka Indian Spinach, Malabar spinach, Red vine spinach, Creeping Spinach)
  • Beet Root(aka Beetroot juice, Beet, Beetroot, beetroot)
  • Benfotiamine(aka S-{(Z)-2-{(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl) methyl-formylamino}-5-phosphonooxypent-2-en-3-yl} benzenecarbothioate)
  • Berberine
  • Beta-Alanine(aka b-alanine,β-alanine,carnosine precursor)
  • Betalains(aka Beet pigments, Betalain, betanin, betanidin, phyllocactin, indicaxanthin, hylocerenin, 2′,O-Apiosylphyllocactin,)
  • Biotin(aka Vitamin B7,Vitamin H)
  • Black Cohosh(aka Cimicifuga racemosa, Bugbane, Bugroot, Snakeroot, Rattleroot, Blackroot, Black Snake Root)
  • Black Pepper(aka Piper Nigrum, Piperaceae, Piperine)
  • Bladderwrack(aka _Fucus Vesiculosis_)
  • Blueberry(aka Blueberries, Blue berries)
  • Boerhaavia diffusa(aka Punarnava)
  • Boron
  • Boswellia serrata(aka Indian Frankincense, Salai, Salai Guggul, Gajabhakshya)
  • Branched Chain Amino Acids(aka BCAAs,BCAA)
  • Brassaiopsis glomerulata
  • Brassinosteroids
  • Bromelain(aka Pineapple extract)
  • Bryonia laciniosa(aka Shivlingi, Diplocyclos Palmatus, Byrony Root)
  • Bulbine natalensis(aka ibhucu,rooiwortel,ingcelwane)
  • Butea monosperma(aka Butea frondosa, Erythrina monosperma, Plaso monosperma, The Treasurer of the Gods and of Sacrifice, kimsuk, muriku, moduga, Bastard Teak, Dhak, Palash, Flame of the Forest, Palăśa)
  • Butea superba(aka Red Kwao Krua)

C

Coffee (aka Liquid gold)

  • Cold Exposure(aka Non-shivering thermogenesis, Shivering)
  • Coleus forskohlii(aka Forskolin,Coleonol,7beta-acetoxy-1alpha,6beta,9alpha-trihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one)
  • Colostrum(aka First Milk, Bovine colostrum)
  • Coluracetam(aka MKC-231, BCI-540, 2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-N-(2,3-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofuro2,3-b quinolin-4-yl)acetoamide)
  • Conjugated Linoleic Acid(aka CLA,Rumenic Acid)
  • Convolvulus pluricaulis(aka Shankhapushpi)
  • Copper
  • Cordyceps(aka Cordyceps Sinensis,Cordyceps Militaris,Caterpillar Fungus,Cetepiller Mushroom,Summer grass-winter worm,Totsu kasu,Yarchakunbu,Aweto)
  • Crataegus pinnatifida(aka Chinese Hawthorn, Shanzha, Shanlihong, Yixintong (tablets))
  • Creatine(aka a-methylguanidinoacetic acid,creatine monohydrate,creatine 2-oxopropanoate)
  • Creatinol O-Phosphate(aka COP, Creatinolphosphate, Aplodan)
  • Cucurbita pepo(aka Pumpkin extract, pumpkin seed oil)
  • Curcumin(aka Turmeric extract,Curry Extract,Curcuma,Diferuloylmethane,JiangHuang,Curcuma Longa,1,7-bis-{3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione)
  • Cyanidin(aka Cyanidin-3-Glucoside, C3G, Cyanidin-3-Rutinoside)

D

E

  • ECA (aka Ephedrine/Caffeine/Aspirin, ECA Stack, EC Stack)

F

  • Fadogia agrestis(aka bakin gagai, black aphrodisiac)
  • Fennel Essential Oil(aka Fennel, fennel, Foeniculum vulgare)
  • Fenugreek(aka Trigonella foecum-graecum, fenugreek seeds)
  • Ferula asafoetida(aka Asant, Food of the gods, Jowani badian, Stinking gum, Devil’s dung, Giant fennel, Hing, Mvuje, Anghuzeh, Stinkasant)
  • Feverfew(aka Tanacetum parthenium, Wild Chamomile, Featherfew, Chrysanthemum parthenium, Matricaria parthenium, Pyrenthrum parthenium, Leucanthemum parthenium, mutterroot, midsummer daisy, nosebleed, Medieval Aspirin, 18th century Aspirin)
  • Fish Oil(aka Eicosapentaenoic Acid,EPA,Docosahexaenoic Acid,DHA,Omega-3 fatty acids,Omega-3,Omega 3,N-3 Fatty Acids)
  • Fucoxanthin(aka Seaweed Extract,Undaria Pinnatifida,fuco,fucothin)

G

H

  • HMB(aka Hydroxy-MethylButyrate, beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate)
  • Harpagophytum procumbens(aka Devil’s Claw, Grapple plant, Duiwelsklou, Wood Spider)
  • Hederagenin
  • Hemp Protein(aka Hemp, _Cannabis sativa_, Hempseed meal)
  • Hesperidin(aka 5,7,3′-trihydroxy-4′-methoxyflavanone, hesperitin-7-O-rutinoside, Hesperitin glycoside, glucosyl hesperidin, Vitamin P, hesperitin, G-hesperidin,)
  • Hibiscus macranthus
  • Hibiscus rosasinensis(aka China rose, Rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus, Jasun, Badsha pasant, Gurhal, Ghorawal)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa(aka Roselle, Isakpa, Krachiap daeng, Sour Tea)
  • Higenamine(aka Norcoclaurine, 1-[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl\]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-6,7-diol)
  • Holy Basil(aka _Ocimum sanctum_, Green Tulsi, Sacred Basil, Tulsi, _Ocimum tenuiflorum_)
  • Hoodia gordonii(aka Hoodia, Veldkos, Slimming cactus, _Trichocaulon gordonii_, _Stapelia gordonii_)
  • Hordenine(aka N,N-dimethyltyramine)
  • Horny Goat Weed(aka _Epidemium_, _Herba Epimdii_, Icariin, Yinyanghuo, Fairy Wings, Rowdy Lamb Herb)
  • Horse Chestnut(aka Aesculus hippocastanum, Conker tree, Rosskastanie, venostasin)
  • Hovenia dulcis(aka Japanese Raisin Tree)
  • Huperzine-A(aka _ (1R,9S,13E)-1-amino-13-ethylidene-11-methyl-6-azatricyclo- [7.3.1.0 2,7 ]trideca-2(7),3,10-trien-5-on_,Qian Ceng Ta (_Huperzia Serrata_))
  • Hypericum perforatum(aka St. John’s Wort)

I

J

K

  • Kaempferia parviflora(aka Krachai Dum, Black Turmeric, Black Galingale, Thai Ginseng)
  • Kaempferol
  • Kava(aka Piper methysticum, Kava Pepper, Ava Pepper, Kava Kava, Intoxicating Pepper, Awa, rauschpfeffer, sakau, tonga, wurzelstock, yangona)
  • King Oyster(aka Pleurotus eryngii, Eringi, King Brown)
  • Kombucha(aka Fungal tea, Mushroom tea)
  • Krill Oil(aka Euphausiacea superba)

L

  • L-Carnitine(aka Acetyl-L-Carnitine, ALCAR, Acetylcarnitine, L-Carnitine, L-Carnitine-L-Tartrate, LCLT, Glycine Propionyl-L-Carnitine, GPLC, Levocarnitine, Levacecarnine, L-3-hydroxytrimethylamminobutanoate)
  • L-DOPA(aka Levodopa, L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine)
  • L-Threonate(aka L-Threonic Acid)
  • L-Tyrosine
  • Lactobacillus casei(aka Yakult)
  • Lactobacillus reuteri(aka ATCC PTA 6475, ATCC 55730, DSM 17938, NCIMB 30242)
  • Lavender
  • Leucic Acid(aka Alpha-Hydroxy-isocaproic acid, DL-alpha-Hydroxy-isocaproic acid, HICA)
  • Leucine(aka L-Leucine)
  • Licorice(aka Licorice, Liquorice, Yashtimadhu, Glycyrrhiza, Glycyrrhiza Uralensis, Glycyrrhiza Glabra)
  • Ligandrol (aka LGD-4033)
  • Light Therapy(aka Light, Sunlight)
  • Limonene(aka Lemon Extract, D-Limonene)
  • Lutein

M

  • Maca(aka Lepidium meyenii, Maca root, Peruvian Ginseng)
  • Magnesium
  • Magnolia officinalis(aka Saiboku-to, Magnolia Bark Extract, Honokiol, Magnolol)
  • Manganese
  • Mangifera indica(aka Common Mango)
  • Marijuana(aka _Cannabis Sativa_,Weed,Medical Marijuana,Marihuana,dope,ganja,hashish,Dronabinol (medical THC),)
  • Massularia acuminata(aka Pako Ijebu, Orin Ijebu)
  • Melatonin(aka N-Acetyl-5-Methoxytryptamine, Melatonine, Melovine, Melatol, Melatonex, Circadin)
  • Melissa officinalis(aka Lemon Balm, Melissengeist, Bee balm, Garden Balm, Melissa, Erva-cidreira)
  • Methylsulfonylmethane(aka MSM,dimethyl sulfone,dimethylsulfone)
  • Microlactin(aka Hyperimmune Milk)
  • Milk Protein
  • Milk Thistle(aka Marian thistle,Mary thistle,St Mary’s thistle,Our Lady’s thistle,Holy thistle,Sow thistle,Blessed Virgin thistle,Christ’s crown,Venue thistle,Heal thistle,Variegated Thistle,Wild Artichoke,Carduus Marianus,Silybum marianum)
  • Minoxidil(aka Rogaine)
  • MitoQ(aka {10-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxo-1,4-cycloheexadienlyl) decyl triphenylphosphonium methanesulfonate}, mitoquinone mesylate)
  • Modafinil(aka 2-\[(Diphenylmethyl) sulfinyl\]acetamide, Provigil, Modalert, Modapro, Alertex)
  • Molybdenum
  • Moringa oleifera(aka Moringa pterygosperma,Ben Oil Tree,Horse Radish Tree,Tree of Life,Miracle Tree,Drumstick Tree,Jiksna gandha,Akshiva,Mochak,Sahijan,Zogale)
  • Morus alba(aka White Mulberry, Karayamaguwa, Sohakuhi, Sang-Bai-Pi, Ramulus Mori)
  • Mucuna pruriens(aka Velvet Bean, Cowitch, Werepe, Karara, Agbara)
  • Muira puama(aka Potency Wood)
  • Music(aka Audio)
  • Myricetin(aka 3,3′,4′,5,5′,7-hexahydroxyflavone)

N

  • N-Acetylcysteine(aka N-Acetyl Cysteine,NAC,N-Ac)
  • Nardostachys jatamansi(aka Spikenard, Jatamansi, Muskroot, _Nardostachys grandiflora_ (synonym))
  • Nattokinase(aka Natto extract, subtilisin NAT, Orokinase, NSK-SD)
  • Nefiracetam(aka DM-9384, N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2-oxopyrrolidine-1-yl)-acetamide)
  • Nelumbo nucifera(aka Sacred Lotus, Indian Lotus, Bean of India)
  • Nicotine
  • Nigella sativa(aka _Nigella cretica_, Black cumin, Black seeds, Roman coriander, Nutmeg flower, Fennel flower, Ajaji)
  • Nitrate(aka Beetroot extract)
  • Noopept(aka N-phenylacetyl-L-prolylglycine ethyl ester, Noopeptide, Ноопепт, GVS-111)
  • Nutmeg(aka Myristica Fragrans)

O

P

Q

  • Quercetin(aka Apple extract, 3,4,5,7-pentahydroxylflavone)

R

S

T

U

  • Uncaria rhynchophylla(aka Uncariae uncis cum ramulus, Choto-ko, Choto-san, pulvis uncariae, Diao-teng-san, Gou-teng,)
  • Uncaria tomentosa(aka Cat’s Claw, Vincaria)
  • Uridine(aka UDP, UMP)
  • Ursolic Acid(aka Apple peel extract)
  • Uva ursi(aka Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, bearberry, bear’s grape, foxberry, crowberry, kinnikinnick, tinnick)

V

  • Valeriana officinalis(aka Valerian)
  • Valine
  • Vanadium
  • Velvet Antler(aka Deer Velvet Antler, Deer Antler, Elk Velvet Antler, Cervus, Lu Jiao Pan)
  • Vinpocetine(aka Vincamine, _Vinca Minor_, Periwinkle Extract, Cavinton (Brand Name), ethyl apovincaminate)
  • Vitamin A(aka tretinoin, retinol, retinoic acid)
  • Vitamin B12(aka Cyanocobalamin, cobalamin, methylcobalamin, 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin, adenosylcobalamin, cobamamide, dibencozide, hydroxocobalamin)
  • Vitamin B2(aka Riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3(aka Niacin)
  • Vitamin B6(aka pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal, pyridoxal phosphate, pyridoxal-5′-phosphate, PLP)
  • Vitamin C(aka Ascorbic Acid, Ascorbate, 2-oxo-L-threo-hexono-1,4-lactone-2,3-enediol, L-ascorbic acid)
  • Vitamin D(aka Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3), Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2))
  • Vitamin E(aka Tocopherols, Tocotrienols)
  • Vitamin K(aka Phylloquinone, Menaquinone, MK-4, MK-7, Menatetrenone, Phytonadione)
  • Vitex agnus castus(aka Chaste Tree, VAC, Chasteberry)

W

Y

  • Yacon(aka Smallanthus sonchifolius, Yacon Syrup, Aicama, Jicama, Diet potato, yacon potato, yacon strawberry)
  • Yamabushitake(aka Hericium erinaceus, Lion’s Mane, Monkey’s Head, Houtou (infrequent), Igelstachelbart, Pom Pom Blanc, Hedgehog Mushroom, Satyr’s Beard)
  • Yerba mate(aka Ilex paraguariensis, Mate plant, St. Hilaire, Aquifoliaceae)
  • Yohimbine(aka Yohimbe,Corynanthe Yohimbe,Yohimbe Bark,Pausinystalia Yohimbe)

Z

  • ZMA (aka Zinc Magnesium Aspartate)

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